5.Major Projects

5.Outlines of Selected Projects

5.1  The Study of Reconstruction Processes from Large-scale Disasters

- Client: Japan International cooperation Agency (JICA)

- Year: 2012-2013

- RPI’s person-months: 21

- Brief Description of the Project: 

The purpose of the study is as follows:

(1) To review the knowledge learned from the concrete recovery and reconstruction process from past disasters in Japan with careful attention to the countermeasures taken during each processes;
(2) To monitor the reconstruction process from the Great East Japan Earthquake which is presently proceeding to recovery and reconstruction from unprecedented damage and obtain new knowledge from the results;
(3) To analyze the cases of JICA reconstruction assistance in developing countries; and
(4) To consider and make recommendations for JICA’s future assistance for reconstruction of developing countries after disaster by considering the above results.

This study paid attention to the phenomenon that several stages, e.g. emergency relief stage and recovery stage, 
and/or recovery stage and reconstruction stage, after proceed simultaneously and defined the process, as a reconstruction framework consisting of 4 stages and 6 countermeasures.

Buthan: Strengthening Capacity of Debt Management

 - Client: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 - Year: 2012
 - RPI’s person/month: 6.83 
 - RPI’s work: Public Debt Management
 - Brief description of the Project:
About debt sustainability and debt situation of the Bhutan, there is a future concern by further increase in external debt due to the new power plant construction. The World Bank and IMF conducted Article IV consultations and debt sustainability analysis in fiscal year 2009 and 2010, and the results have been published. However, this process was conducted is led by the World Bank/IMF, and the methods of analysis has not been taught to the stakeholders in the Bhutan. The Bhutanese government requested Japanese government to dispatch experts for strengthening the capabilities of debt management of government officials. As request of RGOB the debt management expert was sent by JICA.

Though individual coaching and comprehensive workshops, RPI expert has assisted the counterpart (Public Account 
Department. Ministry of Finance) to strengthen the debt management and analysis capabilities in the following most important areas:

1)Debt Management Performance Assessment (DeMPA)
2)Debt Sustainability Analysis (DSA)
3)Debt Management Reform Plan instructed by World Bank
4)Medium Term Macroeconomic Framework
5)Medium Term Debt Projection for the 11th Five Year Plan
6)Medium Term Debt management Strategy (MTDS)
7)Debt Management Textbooks

5.3  Nicaragua: Project of Diffusion of the Sustainable Agriculture Technology for Small Farmers

 - Client: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 - Year: 2010-2011 (Project Duration: March 2008- March 2013)
 - RPI’s person/month: 14.44
 - RPI’s work: Organic fertilizer and Soil Conservation
 - Brief description of the Project:
The project has been formulated on the National Strategy for the Promotion of Organic Production in Nicaragua. The project purpose is to improve a diffusion system of sustainable agriculture technology for small-scale farmers in the target area. The government of Japan and JICA started the project to obtain the purpose with the Nicaraguan Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) in March 2008.

RPI realized various activities on organic fertilizer and soil conservation as followings to achieve the purpose.  

1)To evaluate/analyze/instruct the diffused technologies on fertilization and organic fertilizer
2)To investigate the existing agriculture technologies. 
3)To transfer the verified technologies through the studies.  
4)To propose the soil conservation technologies that small farmers can utilize on farm.
5)To prepare some manuals for the seminars 

5.4 Indonesia; SEZ Development Master Plan Survey

 - Client: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 - Period of the Project: December 2010 - December 2011
 - Total Assignment of RPI’s experts: 6.5 M/M
 - Expertise/task: Institutional Development
 - Brief description of the Project:

1. Objectives
The overall objective is: “To encourage expansion of investment by private sectors with increased foreign direct investment (FDI) to Indonesia, and to give favorable impact on the economy and the industry toward enhancement of industrial competitiveness and structural adjustment to investment-driven economic growth.”

2. Outputs of the Survey
The outputs of the Survey are as follows: 
(i) Recommendations for SEZ Development Master Plan, 
(ii) Proposed SEZ Development Guideline, and 
(iii) Capacity development of human resources and management unit organizations responsible for SEZ development.

3. Structure of the contents
The final report is consists of 3 parts listed below.
Part A:Recommendation for SEZ Development Master Plan
Part B:Recommendation for SEZ Development Guideline
Part C:Present Condition and Detailed Analysis

5.5  Malaysia: Data Collection Survey on Analysis on Economic Structure of Malaysia 

 - Client: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 - Year: 2010
 - RPI’s person/month: 5.6
 - T
eam members: Team leader/economic development, Socio-economic analysis, Industrial policy, and Economic development/information analysis  
 - Brief
description of the Project:
The purpose of this study is to summary major factors that have supported the national development in Malaysia, based on the collected data on the macroeconomic structure, industrial development, international relations as well as past and current policies and plans. 
In addition, it identifies the prospects and challenges deemed by Malaysian officers for the country to become a fully developed nation by 2020. Among the focal issues are strategies toward a high income and advanced nation, because they are considered as a base of various actions to be taken by a wide variety of stakeholders.
After literature survey and interviews in Japan and Malaysia, etc., the study team finally concludes about the following items in Malaysia:

(1) Brief outline of Malaysia
(2) Macro-economic situation
(3) Industrial structure 
(4) Past and current national plans
(5) Economic cooperation 
(6) Review of major Socio-economic policies
(7) Past growth factors
(8) Future growth factors and prospects
(9) Suggestions for further cooperation (between Malaysia and Japan)

5.6 Philippines; Project on the Enhancement of Development Planning by Utilizing Input-Output Table in the Philippines (PEDPIO)

 - Client: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 - Period of the Project: April 2010 - March 2011
 - Total Assignment of RPI’s experts: 4 M/M
 - Expertise/task: Team Leader & Input-Output Table Analysis
 - Brief description of the Project:
The National Economic and Development Authority (led by NEDA-National Planning and Policy Staff or NPPS) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) jointly implemented PEDPIO. The primary objective of PEDPIO is to mainstream the use of the I-O table as a tool for macroeconomic analysis and policy making, especially for the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016. This was done through the provision of technical assistance on the development, maintenance, and utilization of a sustainable IO-based economic tool or the I-O simulator. The following are the outputs of the project. 

 Output-1:  Archived I-O Tables
- Collection of historical I-O Tables
- Archiving of historical I-O Tables (9 Benchmark I-O tables aggregated by 47 sectors)
- Basic analysis using the historically archived I-O Tables

 Output-2:  I-O based Economic Simulator
- Needs Survey for Scenarios and I-O based Economic Simulator
- Formulation of I-O based Economic Simulator
- Trial Results using I-O based Economic Simulator for planning

 Output-3: Support for capacity development in the utilization of IO table/Formulation of Problem Tree/ Road Map
- Stakeholder Analysis & Problem Analysis/ Formulation of Problem Tree (Workshop-1)
- Objective Analysis (Workshop-2)
- Formulation of Road Map
- Programming and Conducting of Training & Seminars, etc. 

5.7 Tanzania; Technical Cooperation for Supporting Service Delivery System in Irrigated Agriculture

 - Client: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 - Year: 2009-2012
 - RPI’s person/month: 9.33 in total 
 - RPI’s work: Improvement of management by farmers’ organizations in irrigated agricultural areas 
 - Brief description of the Project:
The government of Japan and JICA carried out various assistances on paddy-rice production in irrigated agricultural areas in Tanzania since the1980s. During these assistances, the training model known as “farmer to farmer extension” was established and contributed to the fruitful achievement on paddy-rice production.
This project was launched in 2006 to develop the capacities of tutors of governmental agricultural training institutes to spread the above model in the whole country. 
In addition the project aimed not only to improve the above existing training models but also to establish the new training model how to manage irrigation scheme by farmers themselves.
RPI implemented various activities and achieved some outcomes as follows.  
1)To conduct baseline survey with tutors at various fields how to find the “particular issues” at the field
2)To conduct pilot training courses at various fields with tutors and key farmers by using the results of the baseline survey
3)To establish the concept and principle of “Subject Matter Training Course” on “Improvement of management by farmers’ organizations in irrigated agricultural areas”
4)To accomplish various training materials, curricula and the guideline to conduct this training course

5.8 Seminar for Local Government Officers on Private Sector Development (in Japan)

 - Client: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA); Yokohama International Center
 - Period of the Project: 2006 - 2009
 - Expertise/task: Seminar Program Coordination and Provision of Lectures on Private Sector Development
 - Brief description of the Project:

1. Objective: 
This program aims to enhance capabilities of local government officers of participating countries to support the private sector development by providing the participants with proper understanding of such support activities of local authorities in Japan.

2.Eligible / Target Organization:
Local government officers engaged in management and planning of local government policies, especially those in charge of the private sector development 

3.  Seminar Content:
The seminar courses are largely composed of two parts, general introduction of the local governance and the industrial development of Japan, and case studies of the private sector development with support of local governments in Kanagawa Prefecture. The general introduction is given as classroom lessons, while each case study is a combination of (1) theoretical lessons by experts, (2) explanation by local government officers of institutional systems for supporting the private sector, (3) on-site explanation of activities by the implementers through field visits, and (4) discussions among the trainees to identify lessons. Every module includes ways for human resource development and financing projects. 
Every trainee will present their country report and the issues to be addressed by the course at the beginning of the course. At the final stage, each of them will work out and make a presentation of an action plan concept, which may be further supported by JICA in the field of promotion or public relations activities such as holding a workshop or conference in the trainee’s home country if it is highly evaluated to be a practical project or program.